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earliest mentions of Adam Thwayt

ADAM THWAYT IN ‘THE PIPE ROLLS OF CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND 1222 – 1260’ edited.  Introduction by F H M Parker, vol 12. published Kendal 1905

 

No entries found resembling Adam Thwayt or Cayt before pipe roll 19

 

Pipe Roll 19  Henry III (no. 79) 1235-36

Adam Cayt debet xxx.s. de fine ut sit sub plegio per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby Yrloc

 

Pipe Roll 20  1236-1237

Et de xxx.s. de Ada Cayt de fine ut sit sub pl[evina] (sed respondat infra no*)  *written over de fine

 

Pipe Roll 21  1237-38

Adam Cayet [debet] xxx.s. de fine ut sit sub plegio per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby Irloc

 

Pipe Roll 22  1238-39

Adam Kayet xxx.s de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby Irloc.

 

Pipe Roll 23  1239-40

Adam Cayet xxx.s de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby Yrloc.

 

Pipe Roll 24  1240-41

Adam Cayet xx.s de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby Irlocc’.

 

Pipe Roll 25  1241-42

Adam Cayet xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkebi Yrloc’.

 

Pipe Roll 26  1242-43

Willelmus de Ukmannesby ij.s. viij d. pro plevina Adam Cayet xxx.s. define per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby Irloc’.

 

Pipe Roll 27  1243-44

Adam Cayet xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 28  1244-45

Adam Cayet xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 29  1245-46

Adam Cayet [debet] xxx.s. per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 30  1246-47

Adam Kayet xxx.s. per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 31  1247-48

Adam Kayet xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 32  1248-49

Thomas persona de Morland’ debet iiij marcas pro captione ferarum et quia fuit contra radium et plegium Adam Thwayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 33  1249-50

Thomas persona de Morland’ debet iiij marcas pro captione ferarum et quia fuit contra radium et plegium Adam Thwayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 34  1250-51

Thomas persona de Morlaunde debet iiij marcas pro captione ferarum et quia fuit contra vadium et plegium Adam Thwayt [      ] xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby

 

Pipe Roll 35  1251-52

Adam de Thayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 36  1252-53

Adam Thayt  xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby.

 

1253-54  No account of the Sherrif

 

Pipe Roll 38  1254-55

Adam Thayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kyrkeby

 

Pipe Roll 39  1255-56

Adam Thayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby.

 

Pipe Roll 41  1257-58

Adam Thayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby

 

Pipe Roll 42  1259-60

Adam de Tuayt xxx.s. de fine per plegium Alexandri de Kirkeby

 

 

In the Introduction to the volume,  there was a note stating ‘sometimes the scribe allowed an entry to appear in a corrupt form, thus …. (various examples) … and Adam Cayet or Kayet becomes Thwayt or Thayt’.

We believe that the Kirkeby Irloc mentioned is the place now known as Kirkby Ireleth, near Ulverston, in what is now Cumbria but was then Lancashire.

 

BACKGROUND

According to Wikipedia, Alexandre de Kirkeby was the son of Roger de Kirkeby:

 

In 1066 KIRKBY IRELETH seems to have been part of Earl Tostig's Hougun lordship. It was in the king's hands in 1086, and in 1127 was included in Stephen's grant of a moiety of Furness to found the abbey, so that the immediate lords were afterwards stated to hold of the abbots. The pedigree of the Kirkby family can be traced to Orm son of Ailward or Eiward, to whom, as formerly stated, Albert Grelley, lord of Manchester, granted a knight's fee in Wrightington, &c, in marriage with his daughter Emma. Roger son of Orm had a confirmation of Ashton and of Heaton, near Lancaster, from a later Albert Grelley, about 1160. As Roger de Kirkby he attested a somewhat earlier grant of land in Copeland to Furness Abbey. William de Lancaster granted Dunnerdale and Seathwaite to Roger, and the gift was confirmed by William's son William to William son of Roger probably about 1175.  The same William son of Roger released to the Abbot of Furness all claim to the advowson of the church at Kirkby.  From this time the descent of the manor is clear.

 

Roger de Kirkby, who was the son of William, was about 1200 accused of being concerned in the death of Matthew son of Simon, and offered the king 50 marks and two chasours to be allowed his liberty on giving pledges to stand his trial if summoned.  He occurs again in 1212 and probably died about ten years later, his son Alexander being defendant in 1225.  In 1227 Alexander de Kirkby released to the Abbot of Furness his claim to the advowson of the church  and also to 4 oxgangs of land in Kirkby.  In 1252 he granted the monks a part of Stephengarths adjoining their grange of Dunnerholme.  His younger son John was in possession in 1257  and died about 1284,  leaving a son Alexander, whose son and heir John de Kirkby was a minor in 1291,  his wardship being claimed by the Abbot of Furness. The abbot alleged that the manor was held of him by homage and fealty, the service of 30s. a year, ploughing, reaping, entertaining the abbot's grith-serjeant, doing suit at the court of his barony of Furness at Dalton from three weeks to three weeks and rendering a relief, if of full age, of 100s. The jury refused to acknowledge the right of wardship, it being asserted that Kirkby, Pennington and Aldingham were exceptions in this respect, and John de Kirkby was placed in possession.  From: 'Townships: Kirkby Ireleth', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 8 (1914), pp. 392-400.

 

Source: URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53341  Date accessed: 08 February 2009.

(note the shift in spelling from Adam Cayt in 1235 through to Adam Thwayt in 1250)

History of the Adamthwaites parish registers quakers and dissenters old maps adamthwaite farm early occupants

The links to the right will take you to other parts of this 'History' section of the website, where you can discover more about the history of the Adamthwaites, and Adamthwaite Farm.

 

This is one of the Sections of this website where I regularly report new discoveries, so do come back often to see what's new!


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